The year was 1972. The wounds of Pakistan’s breakup were fresh. For the first time in the history of the country, power was being transferred to provinces after direct elections. It was a new beginning for Pakistan.
The government of National Awami Party (NAP) was in power in Balochistan. After 25 years of struggle, finally the people of Balochistan had got the right to rule their province. Nine months into government, the dream was shattered courtesy Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.
by Faiz M Baluch
Pakistan has been violating Baloch human rights including their right to life and freedom since it occupied Balochistan in March 1948. For over 60 years of occupation, the people of Balochistan have continued their resistance against the occupiers. Baloch freedom movement has had its ups and down but it has never stopped.
Interviewed by Malik Siraj Akbar
Abdul Waheed Baloch is a former Speaker of the Balochistan Assembly, ex-chairman of the Baloch Students Organization (B.S.O.) and former Vice President of the Balochistan National Movement (B.N.M.). As a student at the University of Balochistan in Quetta, Mr. Baloch emerged as a leader, becoming the Central Secretary of the Pakistan Progressive Students Alliance. He led student delegations to meetings in India, Singapore and Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan. He earned degrees in pharmacy and law, practicing criminal and civil law in Balochistan. He became a member of the central executive committee of the Balochistan National Party. He is former editor of the Balochistan National Movement’s publication, Juhd, or “struggle,” in Balochi, as well as the Baloch Students Organization political publication,Pajjar, meaning “Identity,” in Balochi, and its literary publication, Girok, meaning “Lightning,” in Balochi. Mr. Baloch now lives in self-exile in the United States where he serves as the executive director of the Baloch International League (for peace & freedom), a Washington, D.C.-based organization. He speaks Balochi, Pashtu, Urdu, English and Brahui languages. The Baloch Hal spoke to him exclusively about the conflict in Balochistan, its dynamics and the challenges.
Photo: The Baloch Hal website
The Baloch Hal News
KHUZDAR: Balochistan chief minister Nawab Mohammad Aslam Raisani met on Saturday with veteran Baloch nationalist leader and the first ever elected chief minister of Balochistan Sardar Attaullah Mengal at his native town of Wadh in Khuzdar district.
Shaheed Abdul Majeed Baloch
When the prime minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto feared that the first elected government of Balochistan is educating the Baluch masses about the rights and how they had intentionally been kept backward by Pakistani imperialists then the so called first elected democratic Prime minister of Pakistan illegally dismissed the government of Baluchistan on 13 February 1973. Baluch Nation’s anger flared up into an armed revolt for the Independence of Baluchistan.
Gunship helicopters provided by the Shah of Iran [Reza Shah Pahlavi] and the might of Pakistan Air Force were use for indiscriminate aerial bombardment on unarmed civilian population to make the Baluch rebels surrender, thus thousands of Baluch perished including men, women and children [mostly aged men, women and children], hundreds of thousands have been arrested and several thousand were made homeless. Standing crops were set on fire, live stock destroyed and villages levelled to ground due to indiscriminate bombardment of Pakistan army.
Source: Baloch Vanguards