Tag Archives: Sheikh Saadi

Sheikh Saadi on autocracy

Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur

There are lessons in history for us all but unfortunately the relevance of classical writers in helping us understand them has not only been overlooked and but at times has also been wilfully demeaned as outdated and obsolete. Nothing could be further away from the truth. Take Sheikh Saudi’s writings for example. They could prove to be a blessing for all those who want to learn and reform. About the autocrats and the consequences of their rule he says:

When He wishes to waste a world,

He places the country, in the grasp of a tyrant.

This universal truth is as relevant in today’s world as it was more than 700 years ago. My advice to both the tyrants and the oppressed is, read him.

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Plebeian states

Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur

The people of the world are segregated into Patriarchs and Plebeians, and this distinction is reflected among states as well. They too are classified according to their standing and rank in the hierarchy. Our status can be determined by the way we are dealt with by those who lord it over the world and with what degree of condescension they treat our sovereignty and the rulers here. Yes, the very same rulers who try to portray that the fate of the entire Universe hinges on their precious and eternal presence in the seat of power.

I have sought Sheikh Saudi’s wisdom to help us understand the dichotomy of our sovereignty, a sovereignty which is rigorously and ruthlessly practised by the rulers against the people but meekly and timorously surrendered and relinquished to their overlords.

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Freebooters’ Paradise

Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur

Sheikh Saadi’s in a Hikayat in ‘Gulistan’ tells “a king who having no heir apparent willed that the first person who entered the city at dawn after his death should be made the king. As luck would have it the first one to enter the city was a beggar in rags. The loyal courtiers fulfilled the death wish of the king and gave him the reins of power. Soon there were difficulties and multifarious problems of governance. He lost a city to his opponents and was in deep distress. 

A friend who had begged alongside him came to meet him was deeply impressed by the regal affluence and opulence and congratulated him on his good fortune. The beggar king said “My friend congratulate me not but commiserate instead because there is no happiness in this sorrowful situation. Then I only had worries about myself but now a world of worries crushes me.” 

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درویش اور فریبکار تبصرہ : میر محمد علی ٹالپر ترجمہ: لطیف بلیدی

منتخب ہونے کے جنون کے پیچھے یقینا ایک محرک تو موجودہے؛ مالی فوائد اور اثرو نفوذ کے حوالے سے وہاں بہت کچھ داو پر لگا ہوا ہے

Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur

نگران وزیر اعظم جسٹس (ر) ہزار خان کھوسہ کو مبینہ طور پر ’ناراض بلوچ رہنماوں‘ کو عام انتخابات میں حصہ لینے کیلئے قائل کرنے کی خاطر بلوچستان کے دورے پر جانا تھا۔ یہ نگراں، اپنے پیشرووں کی طرح، ایک غیر حقیقی سعیءلاحاصل میں مبتلا ہیں۔ اس سعیءلاحاصل پر مجھے شیخ سعدی کی ایک تمثیل یاد آرہی ہے۔ ایک بادشاہ کو اپنے دائرہءاقتدار میں رہنے والے بہت سے درویشوں (سادھو، سننیاسیوں) کی فلاح و بہبود کے بارے میں تشویش لاحق ہوتی ہے، اپنے وزیر کو کچھ پیسے دیتا ہے کہ انکے درمیان تقسیم کردے۔ کچھ دنوں کے بعد وزیر غیر استعمال شدہ رقم کیساتھ واپس آیا اور کہا کہ اسے کوئی درویش نہیں مل سکا۔ برہم بادشاہ نے کہا کہ وہاں تو بہت سارے ہوا کرتے تھے۔ وزیر نے پر سکون انداز میں وضاحت کی، ”اے بادشاہ، اصلی درویش پیسے کو نہیں چھوتے اور وہ جو اسے چاہتے ہیں وہ درویش نہیں بلکہ فریبکار ہیں اسلئے میں نے انہیں نہیں دیے۔ وہ لوگ جو انتخابات کی مخالفت کررہے ہیں وزیراعظم سے نہیں ملیں گے اور وہ لوگ جو پہلے ہی سے دل کی گہرائیوں سے ملوث ہیں اور جنہیں اس بات پر قائل کرنے کی ضرورت ہی نہیں، ان سے ملنے کیلئے ایک دوسرے کو روند رہے ہیں۔ درویشوں کی تلاش میں نگراں وزیر کی کوئٹہ یاترا بیکار جائے گی۔ وہ جو حقیقتاً اہمیت رکھتے ہیں کوئٹہ میں نہیں ہیں، جبکہ وہ جو بات کررہے ہیں پہلے ہی سے تابعداری میں پیچھے کی طرف جھک رہے ہیں اور یقینا یہ فریبکار بلوچستان کے مسائل کا حل نہیں ہیں۔

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COMMENT: Dervishes and phonies — Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur

There certainly is a motive behind this obsession with being elected; there is a lot at stake in monetary gains and prestige

Mir Mohammad Ali TalpurThe caretaker prime minister (PM) Justice (retd) Hazar Khan Khoso reportedly was to undertake a trip to Balochistan for convincing the ‘disgruntled Baloch leaders’ to participate in the general elections. The caretakers, like their predecessors, are clutching at imaginary straws. This essentially vain effort reminds me of a Sheikh Saadi parable. A king concerned about the welfare of many dervishes (sages, ascetics) residing in his domain gave his vizier money for distribution among them. The vizier returned a few days later with the money unused and said he could not find any dervish. Annoyed, the king said that there were plenty. The vizier calmly explained, “O’ King, the real Dervishes wouldn’t touch the money and those who wanted it were phonies not dervishes so I didn’t give it to them.” Those opposing elections will not be meeting the PM and those already deeply involved and needing no convincing are falling over each other to meet him. The caretaker vizier’s Quetta trip to find dervishes will also be futile. Those who matter are not in Quetta while those talking are already bending over backwards to oblige and certainly those phonies are not the answer to Balochistan’s problems.

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COMMENT: Guftan az zamboor —Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur

In principle, society and the media generally believe and follow the dictum of the misattributed Stalin quote: “The death of one man is a tragedy; the death of millions is a statistic”

A society is identified and judged by the values and ideals it relates to through its actions and observance. Ironically, here Valentine’s Day is more fervently observed and celebrated than the International Day of Disappeared Persons or the International Day against Torture. The state for sure and a majority of the people probably do not have the frame of reference that would evoke compassion for the disappeared persons’ or their relatives’ angst. Consequently, even on the International Day of Disappeared Persons observed on August 30, there was not a single editorial in the dailies I read. Probably, it was not deemed an important enough occasion to deserve the coverage that water-car charades command or Valentine’s Day gets. This highlights society’s indifference to the sufferings of others. This sad day however was observed in Balochistan and the Baloch Diaspora organised protests in foreign capitals.

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