If five thousand kilometres of road and rail network constructed during the British Raj didn’t change Balochistan socio-economic landscape then how will the CPEC manage that?
By Sanaullah Baloch
During one hundred years of colonial rule in greater India and Balochistan, the British Raj constructed thousands of kilometres of railway lines, roads, bridges, airports, telegraph lines and strategic garrisons.
The logic behind all this massive infrastructure investment was very clear: to maintain colonial rule, maximise exploitation and counter the Russian advance towards the warm waters of Balochistan.
Subedar Major Mir Kambir Khan Rind Baloch
Makrani Baloch had been the backbone of the marine front for the last 400 years from the Sultanate of Oman to the Chabahar Port in Iran to Zanzibar in Tanzania and Mombasa in Kenya
By: Shazia Hasan
KARACHI: The audio recordings from the Berlin Lautarchiv of Indian World War I prisoners of war that are a part of the ‘Digging deep crossing far’ exhibition under way at the Arts Council of Pakistan, Karachi, include Balochi recordings. A talk on Monday by Dr Hafeez Jamali, assistant professor, Habib University, looked at Baloch entanglement with colonial military circuits in light of this evidence from German archives.
The military oppression, blackmailing and the drama of the surrenders of Baloch rebels still keep repeating itself in Balochistan.
By Salahuddin Baloch
You might not believe but everything seems to be the same in Balochistan for the past 200 years. Even the British Indian railway line remains totally unchanged and the new colonial master, Pakistan, has not bothered to add an inch to it.
Pakistan is also copying the British counter insurgency tactics – albeit a little more brutally — to suppress the Baloch resistance.
Initially there was no connection between Baluchistan and the phenomenon of Pakistan except one. This connection, as it happened, became one of the most disastrous and destructive calamity known to Baluch history. Baluch approached an Indian (Gujarati) lawyer Jinnah Poonja, later named as Mohammad Ali Jinnah, and then employed him as a legal advisor to Khan of Kalat. The main reason for employing a lawyer, however, was to pursue their deepest desire to regain their independence from Britain. To this end, they needed a professional legal adviser. Jinnah accepted the offer and acted as mouthpiece of the established order. His stance at this time was fundamentally at odd with the notion of Pakistan. In all probability, the thought of Pakistan had never crossed his mind or if it did he met it with a good deal of incredulity and disbelief. He was for peaceful coexistence of Hindus and Muslims under British rule.