Baluch are a group of tribes speaking the Baluchi language and estimated at about five million inhabitants in the province of Baluchistan in Pakistan and also neighbouring areas of Iran and Afghanistan. In Pakistan the Baluch people are divided into two groups, the Sulaimani and the Makrani separated from each other by a compact block of Brahui tribes. Some 70 percent of the total Baluch population lives in Pakistan and approximately 20 percent inhabit the coterminous region of southeastern Iran. The Baluch people are mostly concentrated in the province of Baluchistan in Paksitan. It is estimated that approximately 55% of the Baluchis live in Baluchistan and 27% reside in Sind. Despite Baluchistan’s huge mineral wealth, Baluchistan is the poorest region of Pakistan. Much of the population is malnourished, illiterate and semi-destitute; living in squalid housing with no electricity or clean drinking water.