Daily Archives: July 8, 2012

July 08: The battle of Harboi

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بد اعتمادی کے بیج – ترجمہ: لطیف بلیدی

نورالدین مینگل کا دی انٹرنیشنل ریسورس جرنل (آئی آر جے) کو دیا گیا انٹرویو

نورالدین مینگل، جنوب مغربی پاکستان میں ایران اور افغانستان کی سرحد سے ملحق معدنی دولت سے مالا مال صوبہ بلوچستان کی آزادی کے حصول کیلئے ایک سرگرم کارکن ہیں۔

بلوچستان کی قیادت اور پاکستان کے صوبہ پنجاب اور مرکزی حکومت اسلام آباد کی حکمران اسٹابلشمنٹ کے درمیان تلخ تعلقات کئی نسلوں پر محیط ہیں۔ مینگل کا دعویٰ ہے کہ ان کے خاندان کے افراد، جوکہ اُس وقت سے بلوچستان حکومت میں مختلف اعلیٰ عہدوں پر فائز رہے ہیں جب 1948 میں اسکا پاکستان کیساتھ الحاق کیا گیا تھا، اب اُن کو ہراساں کرنے، قید و بند میں رہنے اور دوروئی کا سامنا کرنا پڑ رہا ہے۔

اس کے علاوہ، بلوچستان میں انسانی حقوق کی صورتحال تیزی سے پرتشدد ہورہی ہے جسطرح سے ان خلاف ورزیوں میں شدت آتی جارہی ہے۔ ماہرین تعلیم، سیاست دانوں اور دیگر سول سوسائٹی رہنماو ں کو قتل کیا جارہا ہے جس پر پاکستان کی فوج کی طرف سے حراست میں لیے جانے کے بعد تشدد کے ثبوت سامنے آرہے ہیں۔

ایمنسٹی انٹرنیشنل نے حکومت پاکستان سے اپیل کی ہے کہ وہ بلوچ شہریوں کیخلاف ان جرائم کی تحقیقات کرے، خاص طور پر انسانی حقوق کی خلاف ورزیوں کی اور اسکے پس منظر میں صوبے میں موجود سیاسی بے چینی اور جاری پاکستانی فوج کے آپریشن کی۔

اس صورتحال نے اس سال کے اوائل میں ری پبلیکن قیادت میں ایک امریکی ہاو س کمیٹی کی بھی حوصلہ افزائی کی جس نے بلوچستان کے تاریخی حق خود ارادیت کو ماننے کا اعلان کیا، جسکی پاکستان نے شدید مخالفت کی تھی۔

ہر کوئی اس پسماندہ خطے میں اتنی دلچسپی کیوں لے رہا ہے، جوکہ جنوبی ایشیا کے غریب ترین علاقوں میں سے ایک ہے؟

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Seeds of distrust

 Noordin Mengal is an activist in pursuit of independence for Balochistan, a mineral rich province in southwestern Pakistan bordering Iran and Afghanistan.

The acrimonious relationship between leadership in Balochistan and Pakistan’s ruling establishment in Punjab province and government centre, Islamabad, goes back for generations. Mengal claims that members of his family, many who occupied various senior roles in the Balochistan government since the province was absorbed into Pakistan in 1948, have faced harassment, imprisonment and duplicity.

Moreover, the human rights situation in Balochistan is becoming increasingly violent as abuses intensify. Academics, politicians and other civil society leaders have been found murdered with evidence of torture after being detained by Pakistan’s military.

Amnesty International has urged the Pakistan government to investigate these crimes against Baloch civilians, particularly as the human rights violations take place against a backdrop of political unrest and Pakistan army operations in the province.

The situation has also prompted a US Republican-led House Committee earlier this year to affirm Balochistan’s historic right to self-determination amid vehement opposition from Pakistan.

Why is everybody so interested in this underdeveloped region, one of the poorest in South Asia?

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A GLIMPSE ON THE BALOCH NATIONALISM – By Prof. Dr. Taj Mohammad Breseeg

The 20th century has been witness to the rise and development, of the politics of Baloch identity and nationalism. Nationalism may be defined in one of two ways – by ethnic or civic criteria. While ethnic nationalism is based on the consciousness of a shared identity, culture, belief in common ancestors and history, civic nationalism is encompassed within a geographically defined territory. In practice, ethnic nationalism has had an advantage over territorial or civic nationalism because the former appears as a natural continuation of a pre-existing ethnicity. The nationalists believe that their corporate interests are best protected by possession of their own state in the international system.

A community has an identity when its members are able not only to distinguish it from other communities, but also to convey its distinctive character in words, gestures, and practices, so as to reassure them that it should exist and that they have reason to belong to it. Thus the emergence of a national identity involves a growing sense among people that they belong naturally together, that they share common interests, a common history and a common destiny. To this extent the Baloch have undoubtedly an obvious claim to national identity, as demonstrated by perceptible political, economic and social events peculiar to the Baloch.

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19th Counsel Session of BSO-A

The 19th Counsel Session of Baloch Student Organization – Azad will be held from 7th to 9th July, 2012 in city of Awaran, Balochistan.

Last Counsel Session was held on 21st November 2008. Due to barbaric human rights violations by Pakistan in Balochistan it was not possible for BSO-A to held further counsel sessions. More than 100 members of BSO-A were killed in this period including the senior leadership of organization.

The 19th Counsel Session was decided to be held after serious discussion with the senior members of BSO-A.

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Baloch Elders body calls for end to genocide of their leaders, nationalists in Pak, Iran

Kabul (ANI): The Council of Baloch Elders of Afghanistan in Kabul, has in a declaration, called for urgent measures to stop the genocide of Baloch political leaders and nationalists in Pakistan and Iran.

In a seminar organized in the Afghan capital, the council accused authorities in both Pakistan and Iran of perpetrating genocide and massive human rights violations against the Baloch people.

Participants at the seminar, which was held at the Mumtaz Mahal Hotel in Kabul on Thursday claimed that over 14000 Baloch people are missing and hundreds of their bullet-riddled bodies have been recovered from parts of Balochistan.

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