There cannot be justice without freedom


Dr. Zaffar Baloch, the president of BHRC, has delivered his speech in a conference called “Mining (in)justice: at home and abroad” organized by Community Solidarity Response Toronto (CSRT), it has being held in Toronto – Canada from May 7-9, 2010 at the Earth Sciences Building – University of Toronto.

There cannot be a human rights violation greater than the enslavement of a people. All the categories of rights and freedoms are lost or snatched away with a single stroke. Such is the plight of Baloch and other stateless nations, subjugated by colonial powers in the past centuries, our forced acculturation, and our annexation into alien political states. The process of loss of nationhood and its rightful place in the world community is a painful experience that lives on in our collective memories. Independence for the Baloch people cannot be simply related to the nation’s socio-economic development, it also addresses the very core question of survival as an historical entity.  

Multinational corporations such as Barrick Gold, Tethyan Copper and Antofogasta Minerals have signed agreements for exploration and mining in Balochistan with the new colonizers based in Islamabad, turning a blind eye at the gross human rights violations committed by the state forces against the indigenous Baloch people struggling for sovereignty over their land and resources. The greed for power, gold, and vast deposits of oil and gas is turning Balochistan into a killing field fueled by the decades of political turmoil within the province and in bordering Iran and Afghanistan. It is a common practice of the international companies to sign deals with the military dictators in Pakistan for larger share of profits and convenient terms of agreement. The former military ruler, retired General Pervez Musharaf who introduced Barrick Gold in Balochistan is not just another dictator but actually holds the title of “butcher of Balochistan” for the atrocities he has committed in the nine years of his rule. In a public speech, broadcasted live by the state television and radio, General Musharaf, then President of Pakistan, threatened the people of Balochistan and said, “You won’t even know what hit you.” And he kept his word.

Reko Dik, the area where Barrick Gold has been granted lease of land for mining holds world’s fifth largest copper and gold deposits. This site alone, according to reports, has an estimated 12.3 million tons of copper and 20.9 million ounces of gold now sold to the international companies for US$ 21 billion. Rough estimates suggest that the gold and copper at the surface accounts for US$ 65 billion worth of deposits. And Pakistan’s total national debt is actually is lesser and stands at US$ 38 billion. The final document of agreement between Barrick Gold and Antofogasta was signed in February 2006 under General Musharaf’s military rule and in August 2006 Nawab Akbar Bugti, former Chief Minister and Governor of Balochistan, and one of the most significant Baloch politician and leader of the resistance movement was killed after days of aerial bombing by gunship helicopters. Indeed, dictator Musharaf kept his word. However, only two years after the signing of this agreement, Balochistan’s sitting Chief Minister Nawab Aslam Raisani cancelled the lease of land to Barrick Gold. Chief Minister Balochistan said, “This agreement was against the wishes of the people of Balochistan.”

Militarization and mining in Balochistan go hand in hand. At present, there are four mega military cantonments, 52 paramilitary cantonments, five naval bases, and six missile-testing ranges in Balochistan. The first nuclear test conducted by Pakistan on May 28, 1998 was in Ras Koh Mountain, merely 15 miles from Reko Dik where Barrick Gold is involved in exploring copper and gold. The second and third nuclear devices were tested in the same area of district Chaghai only 60 miles from Reko Dik. Just imagine the devastation already done by the nukes that will be further complicated by the pollution caused by cyanide and arsenic used in mining. As for any kind of impartial investigation to measure radioactivity in the area or pollution caused by mining – the military has declared it a “sensitive strategic zone” where civilians are not permitted to enter. Therefore, the whole Barrick Gold saga in Balochistan is hidden under a thick military blanket with maximum protection. In fact, a testimony of a local physician was published by a foreign journalist on March 3, 2010. The doctor told the interviewer that following the nuclear tests, three scorched bodies of local shepherds were found in the wilderness. The police took charge of the bodies and stated that the cause of death was heat stroke. Next day, reports came in of several dead camels in the same vicinity and nobody believed that a camel could die from heat.

And if you think that the nuclear tests and copper and gold mining in Reko Dik are not enough to pollute the land of district Chagai in Balochistan, welcome to Saindak copper and gold project, located 189 miles from where Barrick Gold is digging for gold. Saindak project is a Chinese investment who now is also interested in buying Reko Dik mining lease after the cancellation of the agreement with Barrick Gold. Negotiations are underway between China’s state owned Metallurgical Group and Islamabad. Since, this Chinese company is already developing the Saindak copper and gold project and China being the largest supplier of military hardware to Pakistan after the US, this could possibly materialize with the blessings of Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff, General Ashraf Kayani.

District of Chagai in Balochistan is 50,545 sq Km with a population of 250,000 according to a 2005 estimate. Chagai is an arid zone and faces acute shortage of water. Like the Saindak project, the expected mining operations in Reko Dik will depend on sub-surface water mainly used by local inhabitants for personal usage and for their animals and farming. The local natural resources of water seem barely enough to sustain life in the area and to support the operation of two copper and gold mining projects, a large quantity of water needs to be fetched from far off places and stored in reservoirs. At present the Saindak project is supplied water from a dam, which is located approximately 2 miles from the site. There are plans to build another dam for Reko Dik about 48 miles from the mines. It seems that the state of Pakistan wants to make sure that in case the people of Chagai survive radioactive and chemical pollution, they should certainly die of thirst.

To sum up the ordeal of the people of Chagai and the rest of Balochistan; there is an ongoing brutal military operation, 250,000 have become internally displaced, torture and extrajudicial killing of activists is common, more than 8000 have been forcefully disappeared by the security forces, and there is no salvation from being crushed by the state’s military on one hand and by the so-called mega development projects on the other. People of Balochistan do not seek justice from the state any more because they expect none. Today, after decades of struggle and hardships, the Baloch nation is beginning to realize from their collective experiences of history that ‘there cannot be justice without freedom’.

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6 Comments

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6 responses to “There cannot be justice without freedom

  1. hassan

    Balochistan Government needs to contract foreign companies as Balochistan cannot afford to extract the minerals on its own.However,the terms of contract must not be one-sided and must benefit Balochistan

  2. Taj Baloch

    I realy appriciate the efforts and contribtution of BHRC Canada for the rights and independence 0f Baloch nation.
    I just want to correct some of the figures and statements in the above articles.
    -Raskoh Mountain is 195 miles away from Reko Diq (East of Reko Diq) while Saindak Project is 30 miles away from Reko Diq (West of Reko Diq.
    -Saindak is not supplied water from the dam but actulay it is supplied water from the big wells of Talab, a place merely 50 miles away south of Saindak. And the Dam was actualy a natural pond but Saindak project used to dump waste toxic water into the natural pond which later converted into a dam. And the dam is situated very near (some meters distance) the populated area. Whats frustrating, that By dumping waste toxic water near populated area which contaminate the water around and there is no appropriate means to dispose of solid rubbish.
    -Reko Diq project intends to fulfill its water requirments from 5 different places (Kirtaka-north of Reko Diq, Talab, Patangaz, Hamun Mashkeil-south of Reko Diq) around Reko Diq Project which includes sea water (Gwader) as well. It will realy effect water level of the area and the already deprived baloch community one by one die of thirst.
    – The so-called Nawab cancelled the agreement not for the reason that the agreement is against the wishes of baloch nation but to please its allies Chinese. If Nawab realy cares the rights of Balochs then he won’t be sitting in the lap of establishment.
    In this situation, whoever will be the miner, the project won’t be for the benifits of baloch nation because “there cannot be justice without freedom.”

  3. Noutak Baloch

    Dear Dr Zafar: Thanks for your eye-opener speech
    and the golden words that “There cannot be justice
    without freedom”.
    I hope all freedom loving Baloch in Norht America
    will support you for your just demand against the exploration of natural resources of Balochistan by the foreign companies. These resources belong to
    Baloch people, their children and their children’s
    children. Any exploration and exploitation can be
    done with the agreement of Baloch after independence of their land. Ameeri Baloch

  4. Che Mureed

    Dear Dr Zafer,
    Absolutely agree with the conclusion that “there cannot be justice without freedom”. We the Baluch must be clear that Pakistan, Iran and their allies are our mortal enemy. Baluch must unite on a common policy of Idependent Baluchistan.

  5. abdul wahab baloch

    DEAR dr.zafar Baloch, WE ARE THANKFULL TO U FOR EXCLLENT REPRESENTATION IN TORANTO CONFERENCE AND PRESENT VERY GOOD SPEACH REGARDING THE RESOURCES OF BALOCHISTAN AND BALOCH NATION CASE ,WE AGREEWITH U THAT THE ONLY JUSTICE SOLUTION OF BALOCH NATION PROBLEM IS THE FREEDOM OF BALOCHISTAN.WE INSIST TO INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO SUPPORT THE BALOCH INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT.

    • Dear Dr. Zafar, Your article and relevant speech under the caption of “There will be no justice without Freedom” is undoubtedly thrilling & an inspiring source to all Free & freedom loving nations of the world.
      We, the Baloch are highly indebted to you for demonstrating the problem of Baloch & Balochistan
      to international audiences in a very sophisticated
      manner. Please be rest assured that if all Baloch intellectuals in diaspora would collectively and resolutely determined to highlight the problem of
      Baloch &Balochistan in a similar way as you have
      done; then the days of enemies are counted on fingers.
      As such we request to all Baloch intellectuals to devote your time & mind in bringing unity and
      solidarity among Baloch diaspora and refrain from
      throwing dirt at each other and becoming the sources of mockery in the eyes of foreigners.
      Hope our request would receive immediate and
      prompt consideration and thanks.
      Sincerely yours
      Balochjk

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